More Quadratic Equations

Section 9.1: More Quadratic Equations
In this section we will learn some more ways to solve quadratic equations. At this
point in our study, you can only solve quadratic equations by factoring . However,
many of the quadratic equations that you will encounter in mathematics and in
that require mathematics will not be factorable . How then will we solve
those types of quadratics? We will learn three new techniques in the next three
sections that will give you this ability.

A. Square Root Property for Equations:
If a2 = b, then
Using this rule for quadratics , we can solve equations similar to the following.

B. Some sample problems that utilize the “Square Root Property ”.

How we would have done #1

8. The square of the sum of twice a number and 3 is 25. Find the number.
(Actually, there are two different solutions )

Section 9.2: Solving Quadratic Equations: Completing the Square
In this section we will learn a new method for solving quadratic equations called
completing the square. This technique will prove very helpful in other areas of
mathematics as well.

Remember that we can solve the following types of equations by simply taking the
square root of both sides:

When we are faced with solving a quadratic equation that cannot be factored , we
can solve it by turning the equation into one that looks very much like the one you
above. Work through the following problems to see how this works. Solve
the following:

(Note: When completing the square, the leading coefficient must be equal to one)

Section 9.3 The Quadratic Formula and Applications
In this section we will learn how to solve quadratic equations by using the
quadratic formula. The quadratic formula is simply a formula which allows us to
solve any quadratic equation, assuming it is in standard form.

Remember that a quadratic equation is in standard form if it looks like the
following: ax2 + bx + c = 0 , and “a” is a positive number.

The quadratic formula, which you will use shortly, is found by completing the
square in the above “standard form” quadratic equation: Do this below.

A. The Quadratic Formula: The quadratic formula will
help you to solve any quadratic equation you come up against. For any
particular equation however, the quadratic formula may be “too much work”
and you might find it easier to solve the equation using some of the other
techniques we have already discussed. Study each problem carefully before
you decide which method to use!

1. Solve the following using the quadratic equation: 5x2 – 3 = 14x

2. Solve the following using the quadratic equation: x2 – 7x = 8

3. Solve the following using the quadratic equation: y2 + 5y + 3 = 0

4. Solve the following using the quadratic formula: x2 + 6x + 7 = 0

5. The world record for free-fall to the ground without a parachute by a
woman is 175 feet and is held by Kitty O’Neill. Approximately how long
did the fall take? Use the following formula for which “t” is the time in
seconds and “s” is the distance in feet the person fell. ( s =16t2 )

6. The length of a rectangle is 3 meters greater than the width. The area is
70 square meters. Find the length and the width.


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