# Survey of Elementary Mathematics I

**I. COURSE DESCRIPTION FROM CATALOG:
**Introduction to sets and operations on sets, properties and operations on
whole numbers, integers,

rational and real numbers. (Lecture 3, Credit 3)

**II. PREREQUISITE (S):** Minimum of two years high
school algebra and one year of high school geometry.

Admission is restricted to students majoring in Elementary Education.

**III. COURSE OBJECTIVE(S):
**Build on (not replicate) the competencies gained through the study of two
years of high school

algebra and one year of high school geometry. Use mathematics to solve problems and determine if

the solutions are reasonable . Use mathematics to model real world behaviors and apply

mathematical concepts to the solution of real-life problems. Make meaningful connections between

mathematics and other disciplines. Use technology for mathematical reasoning and problem

solving. Apply mathematical and/or basic statistical reasoning to analyze data and graphs .

1. Introduce inductive reasoning and help develop problem
solving strategies ;

2. Review elementary set theory and expose the student to elementary logic ;

3. Examine and compare different numeration systems;

4. Analyze the different subsets of real numbers (natural numbers, whole
numbers, integers, etc.);

5. Promote an understanding of elementary statistics and probability;

6. Review the basics of plane geometry along with some solid geometry;

7. Develop and understanding of constructions, congruence and similarity, and,

8. Cover the basic concepts of measurements and introduce coordinate geometry .

**IV. TOPICS TO BE COVERED:
**• Introduction to Problem Solving

• Introduction to Set Theory

• Numbers

o Place Value

▪ Decimal system

▪ Other base systems

▪ Counting, comparing, and rounding

o Real numbers

▪ Natural numbers

▪ Whole numbers

▪ Integers

▪ Rational numbers

▪ Irrational Numbers

▪ Meaning of fractions (Not necessarily rational numbers)

▪ Equivalent fractions

▪ Comparing fractions

▪ Percents

• Real numbers operations

o Addition and Subtraction

▪ Meaning

▪ Properties of Addition

▪ Addition and subtraction with the decimal system (and other bases)

▪ Addition and subtraction with integers

▪ Addition and subtraction with fractions

▪ Mental Math

o Multiplication

▪ Meaning

▪ Properties of Multiplication

▪ Distributive property (Model pictorially)

▪ Factors and Multiples

• Greatest Common Factor and Least Common Multiples

• Prime numbers and prime factorization

• Even and odd

• Divisibility tests

▪ Multiplication with the decimal system (and other bases)

▪ Multiplication with integers

▪ Multiplication with fractions

▪ Mental Math

o Division

▪ Meaning

▪ Division with an integer divisor

▪ Division with fractions

▪ Division with a non-integer divisor

▪ Ratio and proportion

▪ Mental Math

**V. ADDITIONAL INFORMATION:
**These courses may be used to satisfy the minimum general education
requirements in mathematics.

**VI. POSSIBLE TEXTS AND REFERENCES:
**Mathematics for Elementary Teachers, 2

^{nd}ed., Beckman

(Topics can be found in Chapters 1-7 and 12.)

**VII. ANY TECHNOLOGY THAT MAY BE USED:**

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