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FACTORING POLYNOMIALS AND POWER SERIES
1) Let K be complete with respect to a nontrivial nonarchimedean
absolute
value  . Is every absolute value on K (T) which extends   equivalent to  _{c}
for
some
?
2) Let K be complete with respect to a nontrivial nonarchimedean absolute
value  . Let
and let
denote the subset of formal sums
with
is the set of power series over K which
“converge in a closed ball radius c”.] If
define
(a) Show that f_{c} = 0 if and only if f = 0.
(b) Show that K[T]_{c} is closed under addition and that
(c) Show that K[T]_{c} is closed under multiplication and that
(d) Show that K[T]_{c} is complete with respect to  _{c}.
(e) Show that K[T] is dense in K[T]_{c}.
(f) If
and
satisfies
show that we can uniquely write
h = qf + r
where,
where
has degree less than n, and where
[Hint: use part (e).]
3) Which of the following polynomials are irreducible over Q_{5}?
4) If p is an odd prime determine modulo p^{3} the monic irreducible factors of
X^{3} + 2pX^{2} + pX + p^{2}.
5) How many roots does X^{3} + 25X^{2} + X − 9 have in Q_{p} for p = 2, 3, 5, 7?
6) Keep the notation and assumptions of question 2). If
let NP(f) denote the boundary of the smallest convex set containing the points
and (0, y) for y any sufficiently large real number .
Suppose
Let
denote the lowest line of slope
which meets NP(h). Let m
denote the largest x coordinate of a point of intersection of
with NP(h). Why
is
m an integer? Show that we can write
h = fg
where
is a polynomial of degree m, where
and where
for all i > 0.
Deduce that there are only finitely many
with 
Also deduce that the number of zeros
with
is zero unless
NP(h) has a side of slope −d, in which case the number of such zeros is
positive,
but less than or equal the length of the xaxis below the side with slope −d.
7) Suppose that K is algebraically closed and complete with respect to a
nontrivial
nonarchimedean absolute value  . Also suppose that
converges at all elements of K. Show that f has only finitely many zeros in any
closed ball
Let
be the zeros of f in K in order of
increasing absolute value. Show that
where the limit is taken with respect to any one of the absolute values  _{c}
with
Deduce that for any t ∈ K
8) (a) Show that
where [t] denotes the greatest integer less than or equal to a real number t.
Deduce
that
(b) If with
and if m is a positive integer recall that
we
have
Show that this can be rewritten as
where the do not depend on m and tend to zero
as
(c) Show that X^{2} + X + 3 splits as (X −α )(X −β) over
and
. Calculate
mod 27
and
mod 81
for all j.
(d) Consider the recurrence relation u(n+2) = 3u(n+1)−5u(n) with u(0) = 1
and u(1) = 2. Show that u(2m + 1) −1 mod 3 for all non negative integers m.
Also show that
Use this to write
where and the sum converges 3adically for all
. Calculate each
modulo 81. Show that u(2m) = 1 for at most three nonnegative integers m. Find
all nonnegative integers m with u(2m) = 1.
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