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# Equations and Inequalities

The exam will be based upon your homework, the material we covered in class, along with
the material in the textbook. It will be in class on Thursday, March 5, and you will have
seventy five minutes to complete it. This study guide provides an overview of what will be
on the exam.

Chapter 3.1 Reading Graphs, Plotting Points , and Scaling Graphs. Students
should be able to perform each of the following tasks:

(1) Use graphs to answer questions and problem solve
(2) Use and de ne the following vocabulary: graph, plot, axes, coordinates, ordered
pairs, x- and y-axes
(3) Plot points and label the four quadrants of a coordinate plane
(4) Use the window operation on the TI to change the viewing window

Chapter 3.2 Graphing Equations. Students should be able to perform each of the
following tasks:

(1) Determining if an ordered pair is a solution to an equation
(2) Graph linear equations by plotting solutions (box p 176)
(3) Graph equations using the TI: Y=, ZOOM, GRAPH

Chapter 3.3 Linear Equations and Intercepts. Students should be able to perform
each of the following tasks:

(1) Know the Standard Form of a Linear Equation Ax + By = C and that all linear
equations can be written in this form.
(2) Find Intercepts: y- intercept is where x = 0, x-intercept is where y = 0
(3) Use intercepts to graph an equation
(4) Read and graph vertical and horizontal lines: Ax = C vs. By = C

Chapter 3.4 Rates. Students should be able to perform each of the following tasks:

(1) Know that a rate is a ratio that indicates how two quantities change with respect
to each other
(2) Find the units associated with a rate
(3) Find a rate (including units) in a given a word problem
(4) Visualize rates by graphing the information given in a word problem

Chapter 3.5 Slope. Students should be able to perform each of the following tasks:

(1) Know that rate and slope are related
(2) Read the slope o of a given graph
(3) Know the formula for slope :
(4) Recognize the equations and graphs of both horizontal and vertical lines. Horizontal
lines have a slope of zero , vertical lines have an undefined slope

Chapter 3.6 Slope-Intercept Form. Students will be able to perform each of the fol-
lowing tasks :

(1) Graph a line using the y-intercept and slope
(2) Know the Slope-Intercept form of the line: y = mx + b
(3) Graph a given an equation of a line (standard form or slope-intercept)
(4) Know that two lines with different y -intercepts are parallel if they have the same
slope
(5) Know that two lines with different y-intercepts are perpendicular if the product of
their slopes
is -1
(6) Find and graph a second line that is parallel or perpendicular to a given line
(7) Use the TI to square the window : ZOOM ⇒ 5:ZSquare

Chapter 3.7 Point-Slope Form; Introduction to Curve Fitting . Students will be
able to perform each of the following tasks:

(1) Understand the Point-Slope equation: y - y0 = m(x - x0)
(2) Given a point and a slope, find the equation of the line
(3) Find a line that is parallel (perpendicular) to a given line that passes through a
particular point
(4) Find an equation for the line that passes through two given points
(5) Use interpolation and extrapolation to calculate the coordinates of an unknown
point
(6) Plot data points using the TI STAT ⇒ EDIT ⇒ 1:Edit...
(7) Find the line of best t using the linear regression opperation on the TI: STAT ⇒
CALC ⇒ 4:LinReg(ax+b) ⇒ LinReg(ax+b) L1,L2,Y1

Chapter 3.8 Functions. Students will be able to perform each of the following tasks:

(1) The definition of a relation vs. the definition of a function
(2) Determine if a relation is a function
(3) Vertical Line Test
(4) Find the domain and range of a relation/function (Use set-builder or interval no-
tation and graph)
(5) Find the output of a piecewise-defined function
(6) Apply knowledge of linear equations to solve application problems

Remember the five problem solving steps : Familiarize, Translate, Carry Out, Check, State

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